Ocular ultrasonography for the detection of high intracranial pressure: practical considerations

Solapas principales

Torres V.1, Pájaro R.1, Padilla H.1, Mendoza R.1, Charry J.3, Moscote L.2

 

ABSTRACT

            Intracranial hypertension is a complication frequently found in neurocritical patients. Early identification of elevated intracranial pressure is extremely important in patients with acute neurological diseases (bruising, cerebral edema). Ultrasonography of the optic nerve has emerged as a practical strategy to establish an alteration of the intracranial grip and we consider that the neurosurgeon should know this technique, master it and apply it routinely to his patients in a critical condition. We present a concise review of optic nerve ultrasonography and its role as a complementary element to identify elevations of intracranial pressure.

Key Words: Optic nerve, intracranial pressure, ultrasound.


  1. Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas (CIB). Línea de investigación Cartagena Neurotrauma Research Group. Facultad de Medicina — Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena Colombia.
  2. Médico. Especialista en Neurocirugía-Cuidado crítico. Facultad de Medicina – Universidad de Cartagena. Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar.
  3. Médico Investigador, Fundación Universitaria Navarra, Neiva, Huila.

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